IELTS Writing - Academic Task 1 -
Vocabulary

The following words and phrases will help you describe trends:

Nouns a rise
an increase
a surge
a growth
a peak

a fluctuation
a variation

a period of stability
a plateau

a fall
a decrease
a decline
a dip
Verbs to rise
to increase
to surge
to grow
to peak
to skyrocket

to fluctuate
to vary

to fall
to decrease
to decline
to dip
to dive
to plunge
Phrases to show an upward trend
to show a downward trend
to hit the highest point
to hit the lowest point
to reach a peak
to show some fluctuation
to fluctuate wildly
to remain stable
to remain static
to remain unchanged
to stay constant
to reach a plateau
to level off
to flatten out
the highest
the lowest
the second highest
the third highest

compared to
compared with
relative to
Adverbs sharply
suddenly
rapidly
abruptly
dramatically
significantly
steadily
considerably
markedly
slightly
gently
gradually
wildly
Adjectives sharp
sudden
rapid
abrupt
dramatic
steep
significant
steady
considerable
marked
slight
gentle
gradual
Sample sentences
  • There was a substantial increase in the value of stocks on March 15th.
  • House prices rose dramatically in July.
  • The number of tourists visiting New York fell sharply in October.
  • The percentage of students walking to school continued to rise gradually over the ten year period from 2000-2010.
  • There was a sharp increase in employee turnover after the strike.
  • Interest in environmental issues has risen steadily over the last 10 years.
More useful words and phrases
  1. Percent the word percent comes after a number

    Examples:
    More than 25% of the students are from Brazil.
    More than 25 percent of the students come from Brazil.
  2. Percentage - The word percentage comes after words like the, a, this and that. Often, it is preceded by an adjective.
    Examples:
    A small percentage of residents have lived in the building for more than 20 years.
    The percentage of students who live on campus has fallen sharply since the fire.
  3. For numbers up to ten, write the numbers in words. For numbers over 10, you can write the numbers in numbers.
    Examples:
    Five percent of the employees were late this month.
    More than 50 percent of the students handed in their assignments late after the long weekend.
  4. If the sentence starts with a number, always write it in words.
    Examples: Wrong: 25 students were from China.
    Right: Twenty-five students were from China.
Grammar

Take note of the following prepositions which you will need to describe dates, numbers and comparisons:

Dates
In December,
In 2005,
From 2001-2010,
By 1998,
Between 1965-1969

Numbers
Increase of 25%
Decreased by 10%
Fell from 200 in July to 150 in August

Comparison
Compared to
Compared with
Relative to

Bookmark or email this page to a friend

Search





Good Luck TOEFL - Free TOEFL iBT tips and complete guide

Good Luck TOEIC - Free TOEIC tips and complete guide to the test

Studying Style - A Guide to Learning Styles

Learn English for Free

IELTS